Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness or shortsightedness, is the inability to clearly see distant objects. Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is the inability to focus on close objects. These conditions occur when the eyeball is too long or short or the cornea is misshaped, causing the eye to incorrectly focus light.
The exact cause of these conditions are unknown, but there is evidence that they are genetic. Those whose parents both have Myopia or Hyperopia have a stronger chance of developing it than those whose parents do not have it. Also, when a person is prone to developing Myopia, extended times of reading, watching tv, using a computer or phone can increase their risk.
The most common treatment for nearsightedness and farsightedness is prescriptive lenses. Most people have success in correcting the problem with just lenses. Other options for treatment include corneal refractive therapy, laser procedures (LASIK), or surgery.
If you or your child struggle to see objects near or far, Dr. Neshia Rudd can diagnose and prescribe corrective lenses to treat Myopia and Hyperopia. Call Tyler Vision Therapy today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam. You can also schedule an appointment online.